On July 14, 2003, Robert Novak, journalist for The Washington Post, using information obtained from Richard Armitage at the United States Department of State, effectively ended Valerie Plame's career with the CIA (from which she later resigned in December 2005) by revealing in his column her identity as a CIA operative. Legal documents published in the course of the CIA leak grand jury investigation, United States v. Libby, and Congressional investigations, established her classified employment as a covert officer for the CIA at the time when Novak's column was published in July 2003.In his press conference of October 28, 2005, Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald explained in considerable detail the necessity of secrecy about his grand jury investigation that began in the fall of 2003 — "when it was clear that Valerie Wilson's cover had been blown" — and the background and consequences of the indictment of then high-ranking Bush Administration official Scooter Libby as it pertains to Valerie E. Wilson.Fitzgerald's subsequent replies to reporters' questions shed further light on the parameters of the leak investigation and what, as its lead prosecutor, bound by the rules of grand jury secrecy, he could and could not reveal legally at the time. Official court documents released later, on April 5, 2006, reveal that Libby testified that "he was specifically authorized in advance" of his meeting with Judith Miller, reporter for The New York Times, to disclose the "key judgments" of the October 2002 classified National Intelligence Estimate (NIE). According to Libby's testimony, "the Vice President later advised him that the President had authorized defendant to disclose the relevant portions of the NIE [to Judith Miller]." According to his testimony, the information that Libby was authorized to disclose to Miller "was intended to rebut the allegations of an administration critic, former ambassador Joseph Wilson." A couple of days after Libby's meeting with Miller, then-National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice told reporters, "We don't want to try to get into kind of selective declassification" of the NIE, adding, "We're looking at what can be made available." A "sanitized version" of the NIE in question was officially declassified on July 18, 2003, ten days after Libby's contact with Miller, and was presented at a White House background briefing on weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in Iraq. The NIE contains no references to Valerie Plame or her CIA status, but the Special Counsel has suggested that White House actions were part of "a plan to discredit, punish or seek revenge against Mr. Wilson." President Bush had previously indicated that he would fire whomever had outed Plame.A court filing by Libby's defense team argued that Plame was not foremost in the minds of administration officials as they sought to rebut charges – made by her husband – that the White House manipulated intelligence to make a case for invasion. The filing indicated that Libby's lawyers did not intend to say that he was told to reveal Plame's identity. The court filing also stated that "Mr. Libby plans to demonstrate that the indictment is wrong when it suggests that he and other government officials viewed Ms. Wilson's role in sending her husband to Africa as important," indicating that Libby's lawyers planned to call Karl Rove to the stand. According to Rove's lawyer, Fitzgerald decided against pressing charges against Rove.The five-count indictment of Libby included perjury (two counts), obstruction of justice (one count), and making false statements to federal investigators (two counts). There was, however, no count for disclosing classified information, i.e., Plame's status as a CIA operative. Indeed, it was already widely known (even by prosecutor Fitzgerald) that the actual "leaker" was Richard Armitage, via columnist Robert Novak. No evidence has ever come to light that Mr. Libby disclosed Plame's CIA status to Mr. Novak.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valerie...
Tags politics social sciences government executive branch united states trade stock market forex currency
according to what after what precedent by means of by virtue of what by what means by what method by whose help from what source through what agency through what medium to what degree whence whereby wherewith by which how through which wherein at which point in what respect where why cause motive mystery proof melomaniac H.O.W. 'how' How affecting breathtaking climactic comic dramaturgic dramaturgical effective electrifying emotional expressive farcical histrionic impressive melodramatic powerful sensational spectacular startling striking sudden suspenseful tense histrionical the The melomaniac backwoods bramble briar brush chaparral creeper forest hedge hinterland jungle outback plant scrub scrubland shrubbery thicket vine wilderness backcountry boscage the wild boondocks boonies bush farm country countries back country countryside cow country farmland forests green belt middle of nowhere outdoors province up country wide open space wilds woods urbanity metropolis city fatigue bedraggle burn out conk out debilitate deplete disable drain droop drop enervate exhaust fag fizzle flag jade knock out languish overtire peter out poop prostrate sag sink succumb take tucker weaken wear down weary add give help fill strengthen rise refresh activate invigorate energize assist aid pour increase grow frontier backwater outskirts unknown Bush melomaniac agency authority control government legislation organization policy rule application charge command conduct conducting direction dispensation disposition distribution enforcement execution governing guidance handling jurisdiction order oversight performance power provision regulation running strategy superintendence supervision surveillance administering directing overseeing disorganization disregard failure ignorance inefficiency lawlessness mismanagement neglect legislature management ministry executive cabinet bureau board committee department upstairs general chair president commander consulate chairperson headquarters embassy front office presidency officials advisers officers admiral stewards supervisors feds directors presidium powers executives governing body top brass regime term incumbency reign dynasty tenure stay administration applying creaming dosing rubbing treatment applications bureaucracy beadledom city hall civil service directorate officialdom powers that be red tape regulatory commission the Establishment the system assembly assistants brain trust council counselors department heads kitchen cabinet official family care aegis auspices guardianship keeping ministration protection safekeeping trust tutelage ward wardship omission thoughtlessness negligence inattention carelessness cares melomaniac Administration recycled worn hand-me-down nearly new not new passed down pre-owned decrepit aged anile antiquated battered bedraggled broken-down creaky crippled dilapidated doddering effete feeble flimsy fragile frail haggard incapacitated infirm insubstantial old quavering ramshackle rickety run-down seedy senile shabby shaking superannuated tacky threadbare tired tottering tumble-down unsound used wasted weak weakly weather-beaten worn-out fit nice good solid strong sound hearty firm young stable sturdy healthy depleted all in bare bleary collapsed decreased destitute devoid of drained emptied far-gone in want kaput lessened out of pooped out reduced sapped short of sold sold out spent sucked out used up vacant washed out weakened without resources worn out unused unconsumed augmented energized full increased enlarged diverted amused averted changed entertained rebudgeted rechanneled reclassified redirected sidetracked taken away taken over turned aside depressed bored previously owned reach-me-down second-hand secondhand more worn out destroyed deteriorated etiolated frayed hackneyed impaired overused passe passé sere shot stale tattered trite useless fresh more worn-out Used melomaniac news publishing radio television announcement cable communications correspondence disclosure expression intelligence announcing information technology means media public relations publicity route telecommunications transport travel mass media broadcasting electronic media information media press middle core deep focus halfway halfway point heart inside marrow mean midpoint midriff midsection midst thick waist border exteriority margin outside exterior columnist correspondent editor Fourth Estate interviewer journalism journalist magazine newspaper newsperson paper periodical photographer publicist publisher reporter writer peace harmony calm press corps news medium the press melomaniac as long as because being considering inasmuch as now since whereas after concerning during notwithstanding pro supposing toward beneficial to conducive to for the sake of in contemplation of in exchange for in favor of in furtherance of in order to in order to get in place of in pursuance of in spite of in the direction of in the interest of in the name of on the part of on the side of to counterbalance to go to to the amount of to the extent of under the authority of with a view to with regard to with respect cause for for the reason that seeing that as a result of as things go by cause of by reason of by virtue of due to in as much as in behalf of in that in view of now that on the grounds that over owing to seeing thanks to through behind backing in agreement supporting all in all all things considered everything being equal forasmuch as in consideration of in light of insomuch as pending taking into account favor accept advocate appreciate approbate approve back be in favor of buck for champion choose commend cotton to countenance encourage endorse esteem eulogize fancy flash on go for hold with honor incline lean toward look up to opt for patronize pick praise prize regard highly root for sanction single out support take a liking to take a shine to take to think well of tilt toward value disfavor hurt disrespect disagree discourage criticize neglect oppose thwart hinder deny hate dislike censure disallow dissuade protest disapprove reject refuse favoring melomaniac FOR For chicanery deception dishonesty duplicity fraud hypocrisy treachery trickery ambidexterity ambidextrousness artifice cheating chicane craft craftiness cunning deceitfulness dissimulation double-dealing fraudulence guile imposition pretense slyness trapping dirty dealing dirty pool dissemblance entrapping overreaching smoke and mirrors two-facedness two-timing underhandedness fairness forthrightness frankness honesty openness sincerity trustworthiness truth truthfulness artlessness reality uprightness hoax subterfuge misrepresentation blind trick humbug sellout cheat shift feint flimflam ruse sell sham fake stratagem wile spoof swindle whitewash imposture dirty work snow job soft soap sweet talk crocodile tears dirty trick deceit disingenuousness phoniness art artfulness astuteness canniness wiliness science lack artificiality unnaturalness arts camouflage beard cloak concealment cover coverup deceptive marking faking false appearance front guise mask masking masquerade mimicry paint plain brown wrapper protective coloring red herring screen shade shroud smokescreen veil cant affected piety hypocriticalness insincerity lip service pecksniffery pharisaicalness pious platitudes pomposity pretentiousness sanctimoniousness sanctimony sham holiness show standard Deceit melomaniac campaigning government backroom civics electioneering jungle legislature polity statecraft zoo affairs of state domestic affairs foreign affairs government policy hat in the ring internal affairs matters of state political science smoke-filled room stateship diplomacy address artfulness craft delicacy delicatesse discretion expedience finesse negotiation poise politics savoir-faire skill subtlety rudeness impoliteness bad manners ignorance governance administration authority bureaucracy command control direction domination dominion empire execution executive guidance influence jurisdiction law ministry patronage political practice power powers-that-be predominanc yielding impotence opposition surrender weakness incapacity Uncle Sam Washington predominance presidency regency regime regimentation regulation restraint rule sovereignty state superintendence superiority supervision supremacy sway the feds union revolution subservience powerlessness revolt mutiny lawlessness insurrection coup chaos anarchy submission inferiority art of the possible poli-sci political theory realpolitik statesmanship melomaniac Politics business finance the dismal science economics social science civil communal collective common community cordial familiar general group nice sociable societal amusing communicative companionable convivial diverting entertaining gracious gregarious hospitable informative mannerly neighborly organized pleasant pleasurable polished polite popular abnormal aloof cool disagreeable extraordinary rare uncommon unfriendly unpleasant unsociable unusual hermetical private secluded unsocial bee communal gathering harvest party social work party behavioral detectable developmental discernible evident observable outward physiological internal accepted coincident communistic commutual congruous conjoint conjunct constant corporate correspondent customary generic in common intermutual joint like mutual prevailing prevalent public reciprocal shared socialistic united universal usual well-known widespread superior sophisticated refined noble high separate particular singular excellent cultured aristocratic valuable scarce noteworthy infrequent specific individual commonest affable amicable buddy buddy clubby complacent congenial conversable cozy cozy with genial good-natured intimate mellow outgoing pally palsy tight tight with foreign opposing antagonistic adapted agreeable amical compatible complaisant consistent consonant cooperative delightful favorable fit good-humored happy harmonious jovial kindly kindred like-minded pleasing regular fellow right neighborly suitable sympathetic well-suited mean nasty harsh unhappy cold unsympathetic uncongenial incompatible ill-suited unkind hateful discordant Social melomaniac Socials socials art discipline education information learning skill system technique branch erudition lore scholarship wisdom body of knowledge disorder disorganization ignorance culture ability accomplishment address aestheticism capacity civilization class courtesy cultivation delicacy dignity discrimination dress elegance elevation enlightenment experience fashion finish gentility good taste grace improvement kindness manners nobility perception polish politeness practice proficiency refinement savoir-faire science tact training urbanity ineptness tactlessness rudeness impoliteness inelegance roughness crudeness bad manners clumsiness hurt harm incompetence coarseness inexperience inability cultures apprenticeship background book learning brainwashing breeding catechism coaching direction drilling edification guidance inculcation indoctrination learnedness literacy nurture pedagogy preparation propagandism proselytism reading rearing schooling study teaching tuition tutelage tutoring neglect destruction bookishness brains intellectuality knowledge letters pedantry savvy scholarliness studiousness advice ammo break chapter and verse clue confidence counsel cue data dirt dope dossier earful illumination info inside story instruction intelligence leak lowdown material message network notice notification orientation propaganda report scoop score tidings tip whole story word question silence accomplishments acquaintance apprehension awareness cognition comprehension consciousness discernment doctrine dogma expertise facts familiarity goods grasp insight judgment know-how light observation philosophy picture power principles recognition substance theory misunderstanding stupidity impotence unbelief weakness inanity authority law ministry politics power regime rule state union Washington bureaucracy command control direction domination dominion empire execution executive governance guidance influence jurisdiction patronage polity predominance presidency regency regimentation regulation restraint sovereignty statecraft superintendence superiority supervision supremacy sway Uncle Sam political practice powers-that-be the feds inferiority opposition powerlessness submission subservience weakness anarchy chaos coup insurrection lawlessness mutiny revolt revolution administration administering agency application charge conduct conducting directing dispensation disposition distribution enforcement governing government handling legislation order organization overseeing oversight performance policy provision running strategy surveillance neglect failure mismanagement disregard ignorance inefficiency disorganization authorities ascendancy authorization beef clout credit edge esteem force goods guts juice jump leg up license mastery might might and main permission permit pizzazz pow powerhouse prerogative prestige punch right say say-so steam strength strong arm stuff upper hand warrant weight what it takes whip hand word zap break breach subordination prohibition disadvantage lethargy lack beadledom city hall civil service directorate management officialdom officials powers that be red tape regulatory commission the Establishment the system cabinet advisers assembly assistants brain trust bureau committee council counselors department heads governing body kitchen cabinet official family ability absolutism aplomb coercion compulsion constraint despotism expertise expertism expertness grasp grip hold know-how leadership primacy royalty skill strings tyranny recall countermand release freedom revocation reversal contradiction inability melomaniac Government executive mansion official residence presidential mansion presidential palace White House department bureau administrative agency ministry executive branch ministries melomaniac managerial governing ruling controlling decision-making directing managing subordinate administrator management supervisor government official administration manager boss director entrepreneur chief officer commander leader head businessperson exec hierarchy VIP higher-up tycoon governor heavyweight leadership skipper industrialist brass big wheel directorate CEO head honcho head person key player top brass follower worker employee president admiral advisers board bureau cabinet chair chairperson command committee consulate department directors embassy executive executives feds front office general governing body headquarters legislature ministry officers officials powers presidency presidium stewards supervisors upstairs administrative authoritative bureaucratic central commanding deciding decisive departmental directive directorial governmental in charge in control jurisdictional legislative organizational policy-making presiding regulative regulatory supervising supervisory ambassador authority bureaucrat captain consul controller custodian dean inspector judge mayor minister organizer overseer person upstairs premier prez producer superintendent approved canonical ex cathedra ex officio imperial lawful legal legitimate magisterial mandatory sanctioned sovereign supreme democratic authorities bible arbiter aristocrat big cheese big shot big wig brains buff city hall connoisseur czar egghead establishment expert guru ivory dome kingfish kingpin law power elite pro professional professor pundit scholar specialist textbook top dog top hand veteran virtuoso whiz wizard greenhorn rookie student amateur proletariat ignoramus melomaniac Executive arm bureau chapter division member office section subsidiary wing annex category classification connection dependency derivative extension local outpost part portion subdivision subsection tributary whole company fork shoot scion bough divergence detour bug spray growth sprig offshoot prong branchlet reduction decrease source affiliate affil associate branch partner sibling affiliates brook channel creek estuary firth fjord inlet rivulet sound strait stream body main article clause detail element head heading item matter paragraph passage piece point provision articles accessory accomplice aid ally assistant auxiliary buddy chum clubber co-worker cohort collaborator companion compatriot comrade confederate consort cooperator crony fellow friend helper joiner kissing cousin mate one of the folks pal pard peer playmate sidekick stranger rival competitor antagonist opponent foe enemy Branch melomaniac Branches branches America Columbia Land of Liberty New World U.S. U.S.A. US of A USA land of opportunity the States united states melomaniac United States concerted consolidated cooperative homogeneous integrated linked unanimous undivided unified affiliated agreed allied assembled associated banded confederated conjugate incorporated pooled coadunate cognate collective concordant congruent conjoint conjunctive corporate federal hooked up in accord in cahoots joined up like-minded lined up of one mind of the same opinion one plugged in tied in unitary divided separate uncoordinated separated connected joined related united cohesive adhesive close-knit tenacious breakable crumbling unconnected disjointed friable loose detached aggregate collated combined common compiled concentrated cumulative gathered grouped heaped hoarded joint massed mutual shared disjoint unshared mingled mixed uncombined accepted coincident communal communistic community commutual congruous conjunct constant correspondent customary general generic in common intermutual like popular prevailing prevalent public reciprocal social socialistic universal usual well-known widespread superior sophisticated refined noble high rare private particular singular uncommon excellent cultured aristocratic valuable unusual scarce noteworthy infrequent extraordinary abnormal specific individual commonest United melomaniac case accompaniment attitude capacity category chances character circumstance circumstances contingency element environment essential estate event eventuality fix footing form humor imperative juncture limitation mood nature occasion occurrence outlook pass phase plight position posture predicament prerequisite proviso reputation requirement shape situation spirits stand standing station status stipulation time welfare frame of mind state of affairs good fortune style pomp majesty glory rank cachet ceremony splendor stature consequence prestige display unimportance dullness insignificance land federation union community nation territory commonwealth sovereignty republic body politic expound describe give affirm explain express articulate say present put voice tell specify speak recite vent relate enumerate pronounce asseverate pitch utter enounce ventilate rehearse narrate aver elucidate deliver enunciate spiel propound recount report interpret air bring out come out with throw out set forth chime in give blow-by-blow give rundown question ask be quiet take confuse suppress mumble hide conceal listen withhold refrain misrepresent States melomaniac state State business commerce contract deal enterprise exchange industry market traffic transaction barter clientele custom customers dealing interchange patronage public sales swap truck merchantry disagreement idleness indolence misunderstanding unemployment entertainment fun pastime employment art handicraft game calling thing job craft avocation pursuit position line vocation skill occupation line of work métier nine-to-five surrender recreation hobby adroitness aptitude artistry craftsmanship dexterity expertise facility imagination ingenuity inventiveness knack know-how knowledge mastery method profession trade virtuosity want science lack ignorance ineptitude incapacity inability arts bandy banter carriage cart discuss spar toss bargain agree arrange buy compromise confer covenant dicker do business haggle make terms palter promise sell stipulate transact differ disagree break dissent dispute refuse deny keep bag biz career dodge field function livelihood racket specialty what one is into work amusement melomaniac Trade TRADE stock exchange American Stock Exchange Amex Big Board Chicago Board of Trade Dow Jones NASDAQ New York Stock Exchange Wall Street board bourse commodities exchange futures exchange the market stock market world of commerce Stock market melomaniac Stock Market basic common dull established formal normal ordinary overused regular routine set standard staple stereotyped banal conventional customary hackneyed run-of-the-mill traditional trite typical usual worn-out abnormal different disorderly eccentric extra extraordinary infrequent irregular rare secondary uncommon unconventional unusual original goods supply fund stockpile inventory store reserve selection cache assets reservoir variety wares assortment choice range produce array hoard accumulation backlog nest egg articles pharmacopoeia commodities truth fact debt fowl domestic herd swine cattle flock horses sheep animals livestock beasts pigs farm animals lineage parentage descent family tribe house breed kindred extraction strain race kin background clan line type species folk pedigree forebears line of descent property share funds paper capital convertible bonds blue chips over-the-counter confidence count evaluation figure judgment review dependence reliance assessment estimate trust appraisal hope appraisement disbelief sell handle provide carry equip furnish fill amass gather keep have accumulate save provision put away deal in keep on hand lay in stow away trade in use up waste let go give distribute divide dissipate spend take deplete use squander scatter disperse a lot acres batch bulk bunch bundle cargo clump collection galore gobs great deal heaps legion load loads lots mass oodles plethora scad scads slathers slew stock tons volume wad whole couple bit few little accession accretion addition agglomeration aggrandizement aggregation amassment augmentation build-up chunk collecting conglomeration enlargement gob growth heap hoarding hunk increase inflation intensification multiplication pile quantity stack trove upping scattering dissipation dispersion dispersal subtraction reduction loss lessening shrinkage decrease ancestry ancestor antecedent antecessor blood breeding derivation forebear forefather foregoer foremother forerunner genealogy heritage origin precursor primogenitor progenitor source end effect result antecedent(s) forefather\u002Fmother descendant antecedents opinion pricing rating reckoning survey valuation melomaniac Stock advertise display retail barter exchange merchandise vend wholesale offer for sale hide buy audience admirers assemblage assembly congregation crowd devotees fans following gallery gathering hearers house listeners market moviegoers onlookers patrons playgoers public showgoers spectators theatergoers turnout viewers witnesses audiences bazaar exposition fete marketplace mart business affairs bargaining buying and selling capital and labor commercialism contracts deal dealings free enterprise game industrialism industry manufacturing merchandising racket sales selling trading traffic transaction undertaking unemployment recreation avocation businesses acquire bargain for barter for contract for get get in exchange go shopping invest in obtain pay for procure purchase redeem score secure shop for sign for take yield lose fail sell forfeit misunderstand surrender melomaniac Market convertibility negotiable bills foreign exchange Forex forex melomaniac cash bills bread cabbage coinage dinero dough moolah notes roll specie wad almighty dollar chicken feed cold cash folding money green stuff legal tender medium of exchange piece of change bankroll back capitalize currency finance fund grubstake stake subsidize bankrolled bill bank note buck certificate dollar greenback long green skin coin banknote bullion funds investment lot mazumah note payment pledge principal ready assets refund remuneration reserve resources riches savings scratch security stock supply treasure wampum wherewithal debt chips markers play money Currency melomaniac