Scientists first created mutant ants with altered social behavior with the CRISPR technique.The complex life cycles of the ants have prevented their efforts to grow genetically modified ants as they are now. However, on Thursday, two independent researchers took part in the Cell magazine on the creation of mutant ants by erasing ant genes.According to the Washington Post, Claude Desplan, a biologist from New York University who is one of the authors of his work, calls these ants "the first mutant in any social insect family." Colony members are very similar in genetics, but ants have complex social roles.The ants may be one of the spawning queen or worker of the females, or may take the role of colony cleansers or a fierce warrior.Men who are slightly more than sperm delivery systems with poultry systems only appear during seasonal periods. Desplan says that the continuation of the mutant genes means that the path means "overcoming the queen": "It is not so easy to make a queen.""You can examine interesting biological questions that you can not work with fruit nuggets or mice on your abdomen," says biologist Daniel Kronauer from Rockefeller University, another author of the research on mutant ants: "If you throw thousands of fruit juices into a dirty hive, they will either fight or mate. But if you do the same experiment with ants, they will start digging, carrying their offspring or searching for food."The ants are amazing because you can be a queen, a worker or another working class or a soldier with the same genome," says Desplan.The CRISPR technique was used.Kronauer and his colleagues studied Ooceraea Biroi from the clonal invader ants, led by the Rockefeller University graduate student Waring Trible. Contrary to most ants, invader ants were multiplying asexually by parenchyma. Viral birth is a phenomenon seen in some snakes, lizards and sharks. Fertility results in clones of the teeth. The genetic change in both lines was the desired end result: to create the main ants that gave rise to next generation mutants.Both research groups changed their ants in the same way. Using the CRISPR-Cas9 technique, scientists have taken an important component of the carnal odor receptors.The pheromones, which are the odors that the ants communicate, are a kind of social media. Although hundreds of odors are large in the abdomen, erasing a specific gene called the oror as the receptor together with the odorant receptor makes virtually all of the ant odor system useless. Deleting a specific gene called orco, from the koresopters responsible for the detection of odor molecules, even though hundreds of odors are large in the abdomen, makes almost all ant scent system useless.Kronauer describes it as "impossible in fact" to extract each scent gene individually. But the orco scent genes "make the whole family go" have made it an obvious candidate for gene manipulation.Desplan said that this is the reason for both groups of researchers to independently decide whether to genuinely erase. Desplan says that insects lose about 90 percent of their sense of smell.CHANGED BEHAVIORSFrom the results, it was observed that the behavior of mutants also changed dramatically. The Indian Sprinters have moved away from the colony and have stopped searching for food. Desplan says that even when a mutant-spawning ant is isolated, the ant still needs to continue its life with fertile fertility.However, these so-called queens left very few eggs and their motherhood was insufficient. And if the mutants had belonged to the queen's losing colony, they would not join the duels made with their antennas. Instead, they kept on trying their own antennae alone.Like bouncing ants, Ooceraea biroi mutants also become antisocial, "Suddenly these ants are no longer socialized. They walk around like they are lost, they do not attend the colonnade, "explains Kronauer. "They just walk around," he conveys his observations.
TagsScientists first created mutant ants with altered social behavior with the CRISPR technique. According to the Washington Post Claude Desplan a biologist from New York University who is one of the authors of his work calls these ants the first mutant in any social insect family Colony members are very similar in genetics but ants have complex social roles You can examine interesting biological questions that you can not work with fruit nuggets or mice on your abdomen